Pictured here is an original 1836 Louis Panormo guitar that I own on the left with a copy I made to the right. Panormo is one of the great builders of the 19th century, and is little known for having made such an impact on the development of the guitar. Panormo was the first luthier to use a form of fan bracing, which became popular later by the luthier Torres.
One of the distinctive features of Panormo's guitars was the headstock. The neck is inserted into the headstock with a concealed V joint - very difficult to build! The skeletal shape and unique tuning buttons are original to Panormo. I shaped giraffe bone by hand to make the buttons match his original style.
Here is a very unique guitar made by Karl August Glaesel dated 1850.